Bundibugyo District is located in the Western Region of Uganda. The district is bordered by the district of Kibale in the North-East, Kabarole in the East and South East and to the West by the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). To the North, it shares its boundary with Lake Albert.
Bundibugyo district covers an area of 2,338 Sq Km. The district covers a total area of 2338 Square km. Of this area, open waters, swamps and Rivers cover 570 KM2, while 1243 square km is covered by mountains, forests, national Parks (Semliki and Mt. Rwenzori) and Forest reserves. 145 square km is covered by game reserves and 380 square km is used for Agriculture.
The district has a population of 174,800 people of which 87,700 are males and 87,100 are females. Of the total population, 32,831 are under five years of age. The district Population density is 58 person per sq. km.
Bundibugyo District experiences Bi-modal rainfall pattern. The first rains are short and occur during March-May, and the longer rains from August-December. Annual rainfall ranges from less than 800 mm to 1600 mm and is greatly influenced by altitude.
Rainfall distributions of the District enable Agriculture (crop growing) to take place all through the year.
Bundibugyo district has only one Hospital with a total bed capacity of 144 and average out Patients Department attendance of 200 people per day. There are 21 Health Units.
Livestock farming is still under traditional practice. This means that veterinary services and marketing are still substandard due to a number of factors including poor roads, which hindered mobility. Cattle, goats, sheep and chicken are major animals kept.
Bundibugyo District receives plenty of rainfall, has fertile soils and therefore production of domesticated hot cultural highly valued crops like vanilla, moringa, plums trees, and cocoa is highly favoured. Hence there is an abundance of food.
Also with plenty of raw materials and the cheap labour available production levels are relatively higher than other districts with the same settings.
In terms of security the district is safe, and there is a diversity of local languages, hence no language barriers. Commercial and banking facilities are available. There are well graded murram trunk roads and large pieces of land available for purchase from peasants. .
The fertile volcanic soils, and conducive hot and wet equatorial climate type have been a tremendous boost to the agriculture of the district.
The Staple Cash Crops of Bundibugyo district are Cassava, Moringa oleifera, Millet, vanilla, Rice, Cocoa, Irish Potatoes, a little Coffee being re-activated, Maize, Bananas and Palm trees. 641 Metric tons of Vanilla processed 3000 Metric tons of Cocoa produced per annum and 400,000 litres of Palm oil annually.
There are 120,000 heads of cattle, 80,000 sheep, 150,000 goats and 200,000 chicken. With 2 major Farms, 4 professional Veterinary Doctors and 8 Dips.
Author: Sandra Nans